2011
 Adobe Flash Player

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- The legislation of the Great Britain






16.01.2008 N 11 " (, ) , "

2011

<< | <<<


, 23 2000 . N 1331, 1 2005 . N 843 :

1. :

() , , 1;

( ) , , 2.

2. 28 2008 .


..


1




16.01.2008 N 11


() ,


-----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+-------
N                  , 
/                            -  
                                                          
                                                          () 
                                                                     
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
  1          2              3                4                 5       6   
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
 1   :                                                     
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.1 -        -.        -          8  
                                    :                 
                                                                   
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    ,                     
                                    .                          
                                                        
                                   .                    
                                   ,                      
                                   -                       
                                   .                          
                                    ,                         
                                                              
                                   ,                   
                                                             
                                   ,                     
                                                        
                                    .                     
                                                              
                                                            
                                    -                          
                                                      
                                                          
                                                              
                                                         
                                                                
                                   .                       
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                       
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       1,5
                                                  
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                                                  
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                                
                                                          
                                   .                    
                                                        
                                                        
                                                        
                                   .                          
                                                                
                                                     
                                                          
                                   .                          
                                                         
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                          
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.2 -        -.        -          8  
                                    :                 
                                                                   
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    ,                     
                                    .                          
                                                        
                                   .                    
                                   .                       
                                    -                        
                                    ,                        
                                                      
                                    ,                        
                                                                
                                   -                            
                                    ,                  
                                   ,                       
                                   .                         
                                                              
                                                            
                                    -                          
                                                      
                                                          
                                                              
                                                         
                                                                
                                   .                       
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                       
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       1,5
                                                  
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                                                  
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                                
                                                          
                                   .                    
                                                        
                                                        
                                                        
                                   .                          
                                                                
                                                     
                                                          
                                   .                          
                                                         
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                          
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.3 -                  -.     -          8  
                       :              
                                                                   
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    ,                     
                                    .                     
                                                             
                                    ,                           
                                                                
                                                         
                                   ,                              
                                   .                             
                                                         
                                     ,                      
                                                         
                                   .                      
                                                            
                                    .                  
                                                                   
                                   .                          
                                                       
                                     ,                      
                                   .                    
                                    ,                           
                                                               
                                   .                           
                                                              
                                                            
                                    -                          
                                                      
                                                        
                                                              
                                                         
                                                                
                                   .                       
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                       
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       2  
                                                  
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                                                  
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                                
                                                          
                                   .                    
                                                        
                                                        
                                                        
                                   .                          
                                                                
                                                     
                                                          
                                   .                          
                                                         
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                          
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.4 -                  -                 -          7  
                .    -        
                                    .                 
                                                                   
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    ,                     
                                    .                    
                                    ,                          
                                   , ,                  
                                   ,                        
                                    -                            
                                   .                          
                                    ,                     
                                                            
                                   .                             
                                                              
                                                            
                                    -                          
                                                      
                                                          
                                                              
                                                         
                                                                
                                   .                       
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                       
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       2  
                                                  
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                                                  
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                                
                                                          
                                   .                    
                                                        
                                                        
                                                        
                                   .                          
                                                                
                                                     
                                                          
                                   .                          
                                                         
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                          
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.5 -          -.          -    7  
                                    :                         
                                                                   
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    ,                     
                                    .                          
                                                        
                                   .                    
                                   -                    
                                   ,                            
                                                             
                                   ,                           
                                                                
                                                          
                                   ;                    
                                   ,  .                  
                                                           
                                                            
                                                            
                                    -                          
                                                      
                                                        
                                                                
                                   .                       
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                       
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       1,5
                                                  
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                                                  
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                                
                                                          
                                   .                    
                                                        
                                                        
                                                        
                                   .                          
                                                                
                                                     
                                                          
                                   .                          
                                                         
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                          
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.6 --         --.--   8  
                         ,            
                                   .                     
                                     .                     
                                                       
                                                           
                                                          
                                                               
                                   .                   
                                    ,                         
                                    ,                      
                                    .                    
                                                             
                                    ,                        
                                    .                   
                                                            
                                                            
                                     .                       
                                                           
                                   -                      
                                                                        
                                                        
                                   .                           
                                                               
                                                         
                                   .                        
                                                                 
                                    .                    
                                                      
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                   .                    8  
                                                        
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                                                  
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                                
                                    .                     
                                                       
                                   .                            
                                   .                          
                                                          
                                                             
                                                              
                                                            
                                                               
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.7 -        -.        -          8  
                                                           
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                    
                                   ,                    
                                                       
                                                         
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                    ,                          
                                    ,                  
                                                          
                                    .                    
                                                        
                                   .                    
                                   .                      
                                    .                    
                                                           
                                   ,                    
                                   ,                   
                                     ,                     
                                   ,                     
                                                        
                                    .                     
                                                              
                                                            
                                    (,                  
                                   ,                       
                                   ) -                         
                                                              
                                   .                     
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                       
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       3  
                                                  
                                    .                        
                                                      
                                   .                       
                                                         
                                                         
                                                       
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                           
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                               
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.8 -        -.        -         10  
                                                      
                                                             
                                                             
                                                             
                                   :                          
                                    ,                   
                                                               
                                                       
                                   ( ),                          
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                          
                                   ,                        
                                                         
                                   .                             
                                                            
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                   , ,                         
                                                          
                                    .                         
                                                        
                                   ,                               
                                                      
                                                        
                                                         
                                   ()                            
                                                        
                                   .                           
                                                               
                                                                
                                   .                             
                                                                 
                                                             
                                                             
                                                             
                                                              
                                   ():                        
                                                      
                                                             
                                                              
                                   .                           
                                                                 
                                                             
                                                              
                                                              
                                    .                     
                                                             
                                   .                    
                                                      
                                                             
                                                              
                                   .                           
                                                               
                                                                
                                   .                   
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       1,5
                                                        
                                                             
                                                             
                                                             
                                   :                          
                                                        
                                   .                           
                                                            
                                                          
                                   ( )                         
                                                             
                                                       
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                                 
                                                             
                                                             
                                                             
                                                              
                                   ():                        
                                                           
                                                             
                                                              
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                           
                                                              
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                            
                                                            
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.9 -                  -.    -         10  
                      ,             
                                                        
                                   .                       
                                   .                         
                                    ,                        
                                                                  
                                    ,                    
                                    ,                    
                                   ,                        
                                                             
                                   .                      
                                                             
                                                             
                                   .                       
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       1  
                                                  
                                    .                        
                                                       
                                                      
                                   .                         
                                                      
                                     .                      
                                                          
                                                                
                                                               
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.10-                  -.-          8  
                  .   -          
                                   .            
                                     .                     
                                                       
                                                        
                                    ,                        
                                   ,                           
                                                               
                                   .                    
                                   .                     
                                    ,                          
                                    ,                      
                                                               
                                                             
                                    .                    
                                                             
                                    ,                        
                                                        
                                                                
                                                           
                                   .                         
                                                                  
                                                             
                                                               
                                   : 2                    
                                     (                            
                                    ,                   
                                     ),                  
                                   1    (                    
                                   ).                          
                                                                 
                                                        
                                                           
                                                       
                                                                
                                                       
                                                        
                                                                
                                   .                   
                                                                
                                   .                           
                                                             
                                                       
                                                        
                                                                
                                                                
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       6  
                                                  
                                    (                     
                                                           
                                                                 
                                                         
                                     ,                   
                                                              
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                    ,                      
                                                         
                                   ).                          
                                                         
                                                            
                                                                
                                                       
                                   .                           
                                                        
                                                                
                                   .                        
                                                               
                                                               
                                                           
                                                                  
                                   ,                          
                                      -                     
                                                             
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.11-          -.          -    7  
                                                                   
                                                             
                                   .                       
                                                          
                                                           
                                    ,                   
                                                        
                                   .                       
                                                            
                                                           
                                    ,                   
                                                        
                                   .                     
                                                           
                                    ,                   
                                                        
                                   .                        
                                                                
                                   .                   
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       2,5
                                                  
                                                             
                                   (                    
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                   ).                      
                                                        
                                                         
                                                       
                                   .                           
                                                          
                                                             
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                               
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.12-        -.        -          7  
                                    :             
                                                       
                                                            
                                    (,                      
                                   ,                               
                                   ,                          
                                                             
                                    ,                     
                                   ,                          
                                   ,                    
                                   ,                                 
                                   ,                         
                                                       
                                    .).                       
                                     .                     
                                                       
                                     ,                    
                                    .                      
                                                          
                                   .                             
                                                        
                                                               
                                                            
                                                                 
                                                                
                                                              
                                   .                      
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       3  
                                                  
                                    .                        
                                                          
                                                                
                                                                
                                   .                          
                                                                 
                                    .                     
                                                       
                                                               
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.13-         -.         -  10  
                                                                   
                                                             
                                   .                       
                                   , ,                       
                                                           
                                   ,                    
                                   ,                   
                                   ,                           
                                   ,                        
                                   ,  .                     
                                   ,                        
                                   , ,                     
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                   .                             
                                   perrectum.                     
                                                                
                                   .                   
                                                                
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       2  
                                                  
                                    .                        
                                                          
                                                                
                                                                
                                                              
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.14-      -.      -          8  
                                    :           
                                   ,                        
                                      ,                   
                                    ,                       
                                                               
                                                              
                                                         
                                                               
                                   ,                     
                                                              
                                   ,                       
                                                            
                                                              
                                   ,                    
                                    ,                  
                                                         
                                   .                     
                                   :                     
                                   ,                    
                                   ,                   
                                                         
                                   -                        
                                   ,                    
                                   ,  .                   
                                    :                   
                                                           
                                    ,                   
                                    , ,                     
                                    ,                           
                                   ,                         
                                    , ,                   
                                     ,                        
                                    ,                      
                                                      
                                                       
                                   , ,                    
                                   ,                       
                                     ,                   
                                                           
                                                           
                                   .                   
                                     :                      
                                    OHI-S,                          
                                                           
                                    ,                     
                                   ,  Statys                    
                                   lokalis.                     
                                                       
                                                        
                                   .                   
                                   ,                               
                                                             
                                                         
                                                                 
                                                                
                                   ,                          
                                                           
                                   .                             
                                                           
                                                                  
                                    .                     
                                                                 
                                                               
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       2  
                                                   
                                   :                        
                                   ,                           
                                                                  
                                   .                    
                                   .                       
                                   ,                        
                                                      
                                                            
                                    .                      
                                                        
                                   .                              
                                                            
                                                                 
                                                            
                                                       
                                    .                    
                                                                
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.15 -          -          8  
                       (-          
                     ).                  
                  ;                         
                                                                   
                                                             
                                                                
                                   ,                     
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                           
                                                                 
                                                       
                                                      
                                                                 
                                                            
                                    .                    
                                                      
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                                              
                                                       
                                                         
                                    .                        
                                                          
                                                                 
                                     ,                    
                                                        
                                   ,                          
                                                       
                                   ,                         
                                      .                   
                                                           
                                                         
                                                            
                                                                    
                                   +----------------------+------------+------+
                                    .       6  
                                                  
                                    .                       
                                                       
                                      .                   
                                                        
                                   ,                   
                                    .                  
                                                        
                                                     
                                                          
                                   .                          
                                                         
                                                           
                                   ,                     
                                                            
                                    .                     
                                                          
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
1.16                             6  
                .                 
                                                      
                                           
                                                              
                                   :                           
                                   ;                    
                                    ;                          
                                    ;                       
                                                           
                                   ,                               
                                                             
                                   ;                    
                                    ;                      
                                    ;                           
                                                      
                                    (, , , ,                    
                                   ).                     
                                                          
                                                                 
                                                              
                                    (                  
                                   ).                       
                                                                 
                                                       
                                                          
                                                         
                                                        
                                   .                    
                                   ,                             
                                                          
                                   :                     
                                                        
                                                         
                                                              
                                                               
                                   ;                        
                                    -                       
                                                           
                                                           
                                                            
                                    ;                     
                                    ,                      
                                                            
                                                          
                                    .                    
                                                                 
                                                       
                                                       
                                                        
                                   (  )                           
                                                        
                                                            
                                    .                          
                                                       
                                                          
                                    .                    
                                    .                     
                                                      
                                   .                             
                                                              
                                                      
                                                              
                                                        
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
  2  :                                               
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
2.1          -          1  
                                                   
                                             8  
                                                  
                                    ,                  
                                                            
                                                         
                                    1                     
                                      4                   
                                   . C,                           
                                                         
                                                              
                                                               
                                                       
                                                           
                                                               
                                    .                      
                                                            
                                                                  
                                                         
                                   20  ..,                           
                                    -                     
                                   10 - 20  ..,                      
                                    .                        
                                                          
                                     2 - 3                      
                                   .                           
                                                      
                                      20                       
                                   ..                   
                                                                 
                                                              
                                                               
                                                        
                                   .                             
                                                           
                                                        
                                                         
                                   :                      
                                                             
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
2.2             -          1  
                                                   
                                                      1  
                                   .                
                                                        
                                   -, -,                         
                                   .                      
                                                         
                                   0,5 . C                           
                                                       
                                                          
                                                      
                                                                 
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
2.3               -          2  
                               
                                   ( -256).      1  
                                                   
                                                          
                                                            
                                   .                              
                                                       
                                                             
                                   ,                         
                                                         
                                    . ,                  
                                                           
                                    ,                    
                                    ,                        
                                                              
                                   .                           
                                                         
                                                              
                                                       
                                    .                     
                                                          
                                                       
                                                               
                                                      
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
2.4                   -         25  
                                              -        
                                                  
                                                            
                                    - .                  
                                                             
                                                            
                                                        
                                                       
                                   5 .                    
                                                               
                                                        
                                    250  8000 .                    
                                                          
                                                         
                                                              
                                                              
                                    250 - 4000                     
                                   .                           
                                                               
                                                              
                                   .                    
                                                       
                                                         
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
2.5       -         10  
                                    ,            
                                      30.                  
                                    10                   
                                     20 .                    
                                    .                    
                                                          
                                                           
                                                       
                                                                   
                                   (,                        
                                   , )                  
+----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+------+
2.6              1,3
                                                      
                                   .                     
                                                       
                                   .                        
                                                              
                                                        
                                   .                       
                                                                 
                                   ,                            
                                                      
                                                               
-----+-------------------+------------+----------------------+------------+-------

2




16.01.2008 N 11


( ) ,


-----+-------------------+----------------+--------+----------------
N                  
/         -       
                       
                                          
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
  1          2                3            4          5       
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
 1   :                                       
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.1 -                    0,05  
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.2 -                    0,05  
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,05  
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.3 -                              0,08  
                                     
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.4 -                              0,07  
                               
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                   .              0,0227
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.5 -                      0,05  
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,05  
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.6 --                               0,5   
                                                   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            1     
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            0,5   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                .              1     
                                              
                       (                          
                       )                         
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                              .              1     
                       ()                          
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                             .              2     
                                                     
                                                  
                       (                             
                       )                            
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                       -    .              1     
                       (                          
                       35 x 35)                               
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                       1,7   
                                                      
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.7 -                    0,05  
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,05  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                       1,7   
                                                      
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.8 -                    0,05  
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.9 -                              0,5   
                                    
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                       2     
                                                      
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            1     
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.10-                                           
                                   
                       ():                             
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,5   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            1,0   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                         0,5   
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                               
                       :                             
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                              .              2,0   
                                                     
                                                  
                       (                           
                       )                              
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                       -    .              0,5   
                       (                          
                       25 x 25)                               
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                       -    .              0,1   
                       (                          
                       35 x 35)                               
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                       1,7   
                                                      
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                      
                                                     
                       ():                             
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,5   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                         0,5   
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            1,0   
                                                     
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                .              1,0   
                                              
                        ""                             
                       ()                          
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                               
                       :                             
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                              .              1,0   
                                                     
                                                  
                       (                           
                       )                              
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                       -    .              0,6   
                       (                          
                       35 x 35)                               
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                       1,7   
                                                      
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.11-                      0,5   
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                       2     
                                                      
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            1     
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                  2     
                                                   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.12-                    0,05  
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.13-                  22     
                                                      
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                            1     
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                  2     
                                                   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.14-                                 1     
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                           .              4     
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                  .              0,0005
                                                  
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                               .              1     
                                                   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                 .              1     
                                                   
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                         0,05  
                                                           
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.15  -                                        
                                                  
                                               
                                            
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
1.16                                               
                                           
                                                   
                                                 
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
 2                                              
    :                                             
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
2.1                      2     
                                                      
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
2.2                    0,5   
                                                           
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
2.3                        2     
                                      
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
2.4                           0,5   
                                                           
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
2.5                   2     
                                                      
+----+-------------------+----------------+--------+---------------+
2.6                        2     
                                                      
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                         0,5   
                                                           
                       +----------------+--------+---------------+
                                                   0,1   
-----+-------------------+----------------+--------+----------------

2009

pravo.levonevsky.org

© 2006-2017. www.levonevsky.org

TopList

, , (), ,


:

2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 2000


-

"" - .






NewsBY.org. News of Belarus

UK Laws - Legal Portal

Legal portal of Belarus

Russian Business

The real estate of Russia

Valery Levaneuski. Personal website of the Belarus politician, the former political prisoner